GLOSSARY OF TERMS

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Affordable Housing

Housing accessible and at a price which is affordable to persons who have a housing need and are on a low income, which is insufficient to meet their housing need in the open market, either to purchase or rent. It includes social and low cost housing see below-

Social Housing:

Housing for people whose incomes are such that without some form of public subsidy they would not be able to house themselves e.g. housing to rent or shared ownership sale from a registered social landlord or alternative affordable housing provider (AAHP).

Low-cost housing:

Housing for sale or rent for people whose incomes, while not being sufficient to buy or rent in the open market, can afford housing which does not require public subsidy. This could include some forms of shared equity housing or low cost homes for sale at a discount by a developer, or alternatively housing for rent at levels below market rents, thus enabling such persons to obtain housing closer to their needs at a price they can afford.NB. Low-cost market housing such as small units provided on high density developments, or housing which has been provided at a reduced cost by reducing the number of parking spaces required or size of garden provided, is not considered to represent affordable housing, unless it can be clearly demonstrated that they will be available at a price or rent which meets the requirements of those people identified as being in housing need.

Aggregates

Sand, gravel, crushed rock and other bulk materials used in the construction industry for purposes such as the making of concrete, mortar, asphalt or for roadstone.

Agriculture

Includes horticulture, fruit growing, seed growing, dairy farming and livestock breeding and keeping, the use of the land as grazing land, meadowland, osier land, market gardens and nursery grounds and the use of land for woodlands where that use is ancillary to the farming of land for other agricultural purposes.

Amenity Open Space

Includes commons, greens, heathlands, woodlands, ornamental parks and gardens, and land used for screening, planting and separation.

Ancient Monuments

Buildings or earthworks above or below ground whose preservation is of national importance and which have been scheduled by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport because of their historic, architectural, traditional, artistic or archaeological interest.

Ancient Woodland

Sites which have been wooded since at least 1600, as defined by English Nature and recognised as being of high nature conservation value, whether managed or not.They may be semi-natural or replanted.

Area of Great Landscape Value (AGLV)

Areas designated by the County Council as being of high visual quality worthy of protection.

Area of High Archaeological Potential

Normally areas included on the County Sites and Monuments Record (SMR), with good evidence for the existence of archaeological deposits based on previous finds, map or other evidence; and historic town centres and other historic settlements.

Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)

Areas of high visual quality designated by the Countryside Commission as being of national importance.

Area for Small Businesses

Area adjacent to a town centre, mainly comprising small scale mixed uses, specifically allocated to accommodate the needs of Class A1, A2, A3, A4, A5 and B1 businesses occupying up to 150m2 of floorspace.

Article 4 Direction

A resolution by the Borough Council, subject to the approval of the First Secretary of State, which brings under control any specified developments normally permitted under the Town and Country Planning General Permitted Development Order.

Borough Local Plan

A legal document prepared by the Borough Council setting out its objectives, policies and proposals for the use of land and buildings in the Borough.It comprises a Written Statement and a Proposals Map on an Ordnance Survey base showing the specific land use proposals and policy areas set out in the Written Statement.

Bridleway

See Rights of Way.

Broad-leaved Trees

Trees with broadleaves as opposed to needles, as with conifer trees, and generally native to the British Isles, e.g. oak, ash, lime, alder, willow, sycamore, beech and hawthorn.Normally they are hardwoods and shed their leaves in the autumn as opposed to the conifer's softwood and evergreen leaves.

Broad-leaved Woodland

Woodland in which not more than 20% of the standing trees are coniferous.

Business Use or Class B1 Use

See Use Classes.

Child-minding

Involves the care of a limited number of under-fives by an individual householder (with or without help) in a private home for reward.(May include older children outside normal school hours).

Commercial Commitments

Land or buildings capable of being used or developed for business, industrial, or storage and distribution use, for which further planning permission is not required, or for which planning permission would be likely to be granted.Commitments include existing buildings vacated and standing unlet, new buildings not yet occupied, buildings under construction, land with outstanding planning permission, and land allocated in this Local Plan.

Comparison Goods Shopping

Goods not obtained on a frequent basis including, clothing, footwear, household and recreational goods.

Conservation Area

Area designated by the Borough Council as being of special architectural or historic interest, the character of which it is desirable to protect and enhance.(s.69 of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act, 1990).

Convenience Goods Shopping

Everyday essential items including grocers, chemist, baker, butcher, greengrocers, newsagents, sub post-office and launderette

Country Park

An area of land provided, maintained and managed by the local authority for the public enjoyment of the countryside, with the provision of facilities and services for open-air recreation (Countryside Act 1968, s.6 & 7).

Countryside

All areas which lie outside the boundaries of urban areas as defined on the Proposals Map.

Countryside Management

A co-ordinated approach to countryside problems which aims to resolve conflicts between those who live and work in the countryside, and those who use it for leisure purposes.

County Sites of Archaeological Importance

Sites of importance in a Surrey context in terms of good survival, rarity in the locality, education value, relationship to other sites and visibility, included on the County Sites and Monuments Record (SMR).

Daylighting and Sunlighting

Guidelines in "Site layout planning for daylight and sunlight a good practice guide" (BRE, 1991) aims at ensuring that any new building is sited in such a way that it does not interfere with the reasonable daylighting and sunlighting needs of adjoining land/or buildings.

Day Nurseries

Involves care on a full time daily basis of a substantial number of under fives in a hall or other suitable premises by a group of persons for reward. (May include older children outside normal school hours).

Development

Development is defined in Section 55 of the Town and Country Planning Act, 1990, and subject to the exclusions mentioned in that Section, may be summarised as the carrying out of building, engineering, mining or other operations in, on, over or under land, or the making of any material change in the use of any building or other land.Planning permission is normally required before development can take place (see also Permitted Development).

Development Brief

Detailed scheme for the development of land or buildings prepared by the Borough Council, or in conjunction with the applicants, as a guide to potential developers.Unless stated, the preparation of such briefs does not imply that the Borough Council will carry out the development, but shows what is likely to be favoured in considering applications for planning permission.

D.I.Y. Store

Stores selling goods principally for the improvement and maintenance of private dwellings.

Economically Active

A statistical term used in the Census which refers to the population aged 16 and over who at a given time have a full time, part time or temporary job, including persons temporarily away from work for sickness or other reasons where their job is waiting for them on their return.Included also are those who, though out of work, are seeking work, or are waiting to take up a job already obtained.

Employment Areas

The existing and proposed areas allocated for Classes B1(b) and (c), B2industrial andB8 storage and distribution uses.

Employment Policy Areas

The Employment Areas, Town Centre Business Areas and Shopping Areas and the Areas for Small Businesses (see Definitions).

Employment Development

Development that is predominantly for business, industrial, or storage and distribution use, which is capable of providing employment (other than that required for its setting up and completion).

Environment Agency

The Agency was set up by Government in 1996 to undertake a wide range of duties related to environmental protection of land, air and water throughout England and Wales. Involvement in the planning system is an integral part of its work as the interests of the natural environment need to be fully addressed in the land use decision-making process.

Existing Firm

Firms existing in Surrey at the time the employment policies are implemented.

Footpath

See Rights of Way.

Footprint

The area covered by the ground floor of a building, excluding any adjoining roads, paths, borders and the like.

Fragmentation

The process whereby farm holdings are reduced in size or split into smaller holdings, often where the original owner disposes of the farm in lots.This can often result in the introduction of non agricultural uses.

General Aviation

Private, business, executive and club aviation, local pleasure flying, sporting activity, aerial survey work, flying training, air taxi operations and crop spraying.The term also includes operations by helicopters.

General Permitted Development Order (GPDO)

The Town and Country Planning General Permitted Development Order 1995 and subsequent amendments sets out various planning procedures, but particularly states those types of development which may be carried out without the need to seek specific planning permission from the Borough Council.

Greenfield Land

Greenfield land is taken to be land which is not previously-developed land, defined by reference to the definition of previously-developed land.

Gypsies

Persons of nomadic habit of life whatever their race or origin, but not including members of an organised group of travelling showmen, or persons engaged in travelling circuses, travelling together as such (Caravan Sites Act, 1968).

Gross Retail Floorspace

Retail selling space, together with all ancillary floorspace such as storage, staff facilities, corridors, etc., measured to the outside of external walls.

Hotel

An establishment which provides accommodation and breakfast and at least one other main meal and service, to residents and non-residents without special contract.(English Tourist Board standard accommodation categorisation).

Household

One person living alone or a group of people living at the same address and sharing house keeping arrangements.

Housing Associations

See Registered Social Landlords (RSL)

Housing Stress

Areas of housing where a significant proportion of the dwellings are unfit or in need of substantial repair and where there are significantly greater social problems arising out of the poor physical condition of the buildings and their surroundings.

Infrastructure

Basic services necessary for development, for example, roads, electricity, sewerage.

Integrated Mixed Use Scheme

A redevelopment scheme which involves both business use and other uses such as residential and where appropriate, shopping, leisure or social facilities which provide a significant degree of planning benefit.A scheme will not normally be treated as integrated if the redevelopment is on two or more sites which are physically separated, unless allocated thus on the Proposals Map.

Interchange

A facility enabling travellers to change from one transport network to another.

Labour Demand

The number of people employed or required for employment by all employers in the area.

Labour Shortage

The scarcity of labour experienced by employers which prevents them employing sufficient people with the appropriate skills to meet their requirements.In crude terms, Labour Shortage is the excess of Labour Demand over Labour Supply.

Labour Supply

The number of people in an area who have jobs or require employment.

Landscaping

The treatment of land (other than buildings) for the purpose of enhancing or protecting the amenities of the site and the area in which it is situated and includes screening by fences, walls or other means, planting of trees, hedges, shrubs or grass, formation of banks, terraces or other earthworks, laying out of gardens or courts and other amenity features.

Leq *

A composite summertime aircraft noise measure using the equivalent continuous sound level for the 16 hour period beginning 0700 BST.Leq contours are drawn between areas of the same Leq, e.g. 66 Leq, 60 Leq.

Listed Building

A building of special architectural or historic interest included in a list prepared by the Secretary of State for the Environment under s.1 of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990.A specific form of permission known as "Listed Building Consent" is required for its alteration or demolition.

Local Area forPlay (LAP)

A small area of unsupervised open space specifically designated and laid out for young children (2-6 years old) for playing activities close to where they live (within a walking time of 1 minute).

Local Equipped Area for play (LEAP)

A site that is designated and equipped for children of early school age (4-8 years old), located within 5 minutes walking time from home

Local Shopping Centre

All centres containing 10 or more units, serving local shopping and other needs.

Locally Listed Building

A building of local architectural or historic interest included in a list prepared by the Borough Council and afforded similar consideration to Listed Buildings in this Local Plan, although "Listed Building Consent" is not required for its alteration or demolition.

Local Nature Reserves (LNRs)

Areas considered by English Nature) as being of special importance for wildlife and worthy of preservation, declared and managed by the local authority.

Metropolitan Green Belt

The statutorily designated area of open land surrounding Greater London, which has the strategic function of defining the built up area and preventing the coalescence of existing settlements.

Multiple Occupation

A house or purpose built or converted flat in multiple occupation (HMO) is one which is occupied by persons who do not form a single household and includes:

(i) A house occupied by two or more households.

(ii) A house occupied by a number of persons where the relationships between the various individuals resident at any one time are so tenuous as to support the view that they can neither singly nor collectively be regarded as forming a single household, for example, a shared house.

(iii) A house which is occupied by one main household, together with varying numbers of individuals who do not form a part of that household (where lodgers are fully "living in" with a single person or family they may not be considered as multiple occupation dependent on the facts of the particular case).

Multi Use Games Area (MUGA) See NEAP

Neighbourhood Equipped Area For Play (NEAP)

A sitethat is designated and equipped for older children but with opportunities for playing for younger children too, located within a walking time of 15 minutes from home It includes an enclosed hard surface area of at least 465 metres squared (the minimum area needed to play 5-a-side football) intended as a MUGA.A MUGA may also be provided as a separate entity.

Net Site Density

Is calculated by using only those areas which will be developed for housing and directly associated uses. This includes: access roads within the site; private garden space; car parking areas; incidental open space and landscaping; and children's play areas where these are to be provided. It excludes major distributor roads; primary schools; open spaces serving a wider area; and significant landscape buffer strips.

Outdoor Playing Space

Covers pitches, courts and greens, children's playgrounds, areas for casual play, athletics facilities and pitch and putt golf courses, and includes all the available facilities within this range whether these are provided privately or by a public authority. It does not include school playing fields, commons, golf courses, ornamental parks and gardens or indoor recreational facilities.Areas for casual play are primarily to meet the needs of children and young people for informal games and other activities which cannot normally take place on an equipped children's playground or a sports field.

Permitted Development

Development authorised under the General Permitted Development Order as development not requiring an application for planning permission.

Play Groups

Involve a large number of under fives in residential or other premises by (usually) a group of persons for reward.Typically run on a part time basis, e.g. mornings only.

Planning Policy Guidance Notes (PPGs)

These set out the Government's policies on different aspects of planning. Local planning authorities must take their content into account in preparing their development plans.The guidance may also be material to decisions on individual applications and appeals.These are now being replaced by Planning Policy Statements (PPS's)

Potential Sites of Nature Conservation Interest (pSNCIs)

Areas identified by the Surrey Wildlife Trust which are likely to be of County importance for nature conservation which contain good examples of major habitat types or an especially varied or rare flora and fauna.

Previously-Developed Land

See Annex C of PPG 3 Housing (2000) for a definition of previously-developed land.

Primary Shopping Area

The main area of continuous retail frontage in each town centre with a predominance of shops trading in durable goods and where changes of use on shopping frontages from retail to non retail uses will be strictly controlled.

Principal Buildings

Those main buildings in which the predominant use of the site is (or was) carried out and not the buildings in (or previously in) ancillary or auxiliary use.The latter will normally be of a smaller scale than the principal buildings and may be detached from the principal buildings.

Qualitative Requirement for Shopping

A subjective assessment of the future demand for shopping facilities based on consideration of factors such as the range and quality of goods, the environment in which they are sold, availability of surface car parking, general level of accessibility and the form of retail development itself.

Quantitative Requirement for Shopping

A mathematical assessment of the future demand for shopping floorspace based on assumptions concerning population levels, retail expenditure per head, turnover per square foot and the relative attractiveness of the shopping centres under consideration.

Recreation and Leisure

The term "leisure" refers to the time available to the individual when sleep and other basic needs have been met."Recreation" refers to any activity engaged upon during leisure time.

Recreation Dual Use

The long term regular use of facilities on an organised basis by groups, clubs or individuals for whom the facility was not primarily intended.

Recreation - Formal

Activity in which participants usually require special skills or equipment and normally also access to specially constructed or adapted locations, e.g., sports halls, golf courses.

Recreation - Informal

Activity in which participants require no specific skills or equipment, e.g. walking, picnicking.

Regionally Important Geological/Geomorphological sites (RIGS)

Registered Social Landlords

RIGS are geological or geomorphological sites in the County that are considered worthy of protection for their educational, research, historical or aesthetic importance.RIGS are broadly analogous to Sites of Nature Conservation (SNCIs).

Not for profit private sector organisations, providing affordable housing and regulated by the Housing Corporation

Retail Warehouse

A single level retail store, selling non food goods normally with at least 1,000 sq. metres (10,800 sq.ft) gross floorspace, occupying a warehouse or industrial type building and supported by car parking.

Retail Warehousing Area

Area adjacent to a town centre which is allocated for retail warehouses. (See definition of retail warehouse).

Rights of Way

Paths over which the public have a right of way, including footpaths, bridleways, byways open to all traffic and roads used as public paths. Without prejudice to alleged public rights of way, such rights of way are shown in the Surrey County Council Rights of Way Definitive Map, and accompanying Written Statement.Roads used as Public Paths are, as at the time of the adoption of this Plan, in the process of being reclassified by Surrey County Council as footpaths, bridleways or byways open to all traffic.

Secondary Shopping Area

An area adjacent to a Primary Shopping Area which is still regarded as performing a valued shopping function, but where changes of use on shopping frontages from retail to those non retail uses requiring a town centre location will normally be permitted provided that the shopping function is not threatened.

Shopping - Convenience and Durable Goods

1.Convenience: - Grocery and Provision Dealers, other food retailers, confectioners, tobacconists and newsagents.

2.Durable: - Clothing and footwear shops, household goods shops, other non-food retailers, general stores, including variety and department stores.

Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs)

Areas notified by English Nature as being areas of special interest for their plants, animals, geological and physiological features.

Sites of Nature Conservation (SNCIs)

Areas which are of county or regional wildlife value on account of their flora and fauna.

Small Dwellings

Studio and one and two bedroom units.

Small Firms

Firms occupying buildings not exceeding 500 sq.m. (5380 sq.ft) of Class B1(c) or B2 industrial or Class B8 storage or distribution floorspace or 300 sq.m. (3230 sq.ft.) of Class B1(a) or (b) office floorspace.In many cases, such firms will require a smaller area of floorspace (see also definition of Areas of Small Businesses).

Small Local Open Space

An area whose main function would be pedestrian visits, especially by old people, children and workers at mid day.It would be within a quarter of a mile from home and work, and provide gardens, sitting out areas and/or for children's play.

Stakeholder

A person or group affected by a project and having an interest in its outcome.

Stallriser

The lower solid part of a shop facade located between the pavement and the window display area.

Statutory Undertakers and

Public Utilities

Persons or bodies authorised by any enactment to carry out certain undertakings, principally concerned with transport and the supply of electricity, gas or water.

Street Furniture

A general term for equipment erected in the street by local or statutory authorities, e.g. traffic lights, road signs, litter bins, seats, bus shelters, bollards, lighting columns, etc.

Structure Plan

A written statement formulating the County Council's policies and general proposals in respect of the development and other uses of land in the County (including measures for the improvement of the physical environment and the management of traffic).A Structure Plan includes a diagram summarising its proposals (known as the Key Diagram), but this is not related to an Ordnance Survey base map.

Superstore

Self-service stores selling mainly food, or food and non-food goods, usually with more than 2500 square metres trading floorspace, with supporting car parking. (Planning Policy Statement 6, Annex A).

Supplementary Planning Guidance (SPG)

Guidance for those preparing planning applications, e.g. design guide for specified areas, which supplements the policies and proposals of the Plan itself.Only the policies in the Plan can have a special status in deciding planning applications.However, SPG may be taken into account as a material consideration.These are now being replaced by Supplementary Planning Documents (SPDs)

Sustainable Development/Sustainability

Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs" (Bruntland Commission, 1987), or an approach that balances the social, economic and environmental implications of society's actions.

Tourist

Any person who stays for one or more nights outside his normal place of residence for any purpose.

Town Centre Business Area

The area of a town centre and/or the area adjacent to a town centre where buildings are used mainly for office purposes which are not ancillary to or mixed with another type of land use on the same site.

Town Centre Shopping Area

The area of a town centre comprising the Primary and Secondary Shopping Areas (see Definitions).

Town Centre Strategy

A policy document intended to set a framework to guide the future development of a town centre.A town centre strategy is an important adjunct to the Development Plan, as it can also deal with more complex issues that cannot be dealt with through land use plans alone e.g. promotion, economic development and training.

Town or Local Park

An area of over 5 acres in size, whose function would be similar to that of a small local open space.It would still be about one quarter of a mile from home or work and would provide for court games, children's play, sitting out areas, a landscaped environment, and playing fields if large enough.

Tree Preservation Order

An order, made in accordance with the Town and Country (Planning) Regulations 1999 to preserve trees of high amenity value and to prevent felling or pruning without the consent of the Borough Council.

Urban Areas

Largely built up areas, comprising towns and other major settlements, the boundaries of which are defined on the Proposals Map.(See also the definition of countryside).

Urban Fringe

A term applied to areas or pockets of generally open, often neglected, land on the periphery of urban areas.

Use Classes

Refers to the classification in the Town & Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987as amended by Statutory Instrument 2005/04The Order removes the need for permission to change the use of land and buildings where both the existing and proposed uses fall within the same class.The classification may be summarised as follows:

Class A1

Shops

For the retail sale of goods other than hot food, including superstores and retail warehouses.

Class A2

Financial & Professional Services

Banks, Building Societies, Betting Offices etc.

Class A3

Class A4

Class A5

Restaurants and Cafes

Drinking Establishments

Hot Food Take-aways

Use for the sale of food and drink for consumption on the premises.

Public houses, wine-bars or other drinking establishments

Sale of hot food for consumption off the premises

Class B1

Business

(a) offices not within class a2>

(b) research and development>

(c) industrial processes provided use could be carried out in a residential area without detriment to amenity.>

Class B2

General

Industrial

Other than within Class B1 or Class B3-B7.

Class B8

Storage or distribution

Use for storage or as a distribution centre.

Class C1

Hotels

Use as a hotel, boarding or guest house where in each case no significant element of care is provided.

Class C2

Residential Institutions

Use for provision of residential accommodation and care, as a hospital or nursing home, or as residential school, college or training centre.

Class C3

Dwelling Houses

Use by a single person or people living together as a family, or by not more than 6 residents living together as a single household.

Class D1

Non-Residential institutions

Including religious buildings, public halls,medical services.

Class D2

Assembly and leisure

Use as a cinema, concert hall,or area for indoor or outdoor sports.

Sui generis

Many uses do not fall within any class and are described as sui generis.

Examples include casinos, theatres, nightclubs, funfairs, launderettes, hostels, and petrol filling stations.

Viability A measure of the ability of a town centre to attract continuing investment, not only to maintain the fabric, but also to allow for improvement and adaptation to changing needs.
Vitality A measure of the level of activity of a town centre at different times and in different parts.

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